biological role of bacterial lipids
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biological role of bacterial lipids

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Published by Akadémiai Kiadó in Budapest .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Bacteria -- Physiology.,
  • Microbial lipids.,
  • Lipids -- Metabolism.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Statementby L. Váczi. [Translated by L. Géder]
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQR92.L5 V313
The Physical Object
Pagination64 p.
Number of Pages64
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5471754M
LC Control Number73174901

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Bacteria are versatile tools for the study of metabolic pathways. The biological role of this lipid heterogeneity is not completely understood and the list of significant actions continues to grow. Some of the diversity contributes to membrane fluidity. Serves as a general reference book for scientists studying lipids, lipoproteins and. One of the most prominent bacteria that feed on lipids is Propionibacterium acnes, which uses the skin’s lipids to generate short-chain fatty acids and is involved in the production of acne. Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\): Five-carbon isoprene molecules are chemically modified in . Biological molecules that are insoluble in aqueous solutions and soluble in organic solvents are classified as lipids of physiological importance for humans serve as structural components of biological membranes; provide energy reserves, predominantly in the form of triglycerides, serve as biologically active molecules exerting a wide range of regulatory functions, and the. of bacterial phospholipids. Indeed, as Assilineau and Lederer have pointed out in their authoritative review (l), compara- tively few bacterial phospholipids have been well characterized chemically by modern techniques. Interest in the chemistry and metabolism of bacterial lipids .

The book is well written and easy to read, and its chapter structure and content is logically laid out. The book is a valuable addition to lipidologists and certainly useful for scientists working in fields where lipids are not the core interest but still have importance for solving scientific and/or technical issues., European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. This volume in the well-established Methods in Enzymology series features methods for the study of lipids using mass spectrometry techniques. Articles in this volume cover topics such as Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry for quantifying plasma lysophospholipids: potential biomarkers for cancer diagnosis; Measurement of eicosanoids in cancer tissues; Noninvasive Assessment of the Role 1/5(1). Readers looking for this information are referred to the book Microbial Lipids by Ratledge and Wilkinson. Lipids come in a diversity of structures and functions. Here, we focus on polar/amphiphilic lipids, i.e. membrane-forming lipids present in bacterial membranes, leaving membrane lipids from other microorganisms aside. 1. Introduction to the Chemical and Biological Properties of Bacterial Amphiphiles Chemical Composition and Properties of Amphiphiles Extraction and Purification of Amphiphiles Cellular Localization, Excretion, and Physiological Roles of Lipoteichoic Acid in Gram-Positive Bacteria Chemistry and Biology of Lipopolysaccharides and Lipid A 2.

Isoprenoids and Sterols. The isoprenoids are branched lipids, also referred to as terpenoids, that are formed by chemical modifications of the isoprene molecule (Figure 4). These lipids play a wide variety of physiological roles in plants and animals, with many technological uses as pharmaceuticals (capsaicin), pigments (e.g., orange beta carotene, xanthophylls), and fragrances (e.g., menthol. Lipids in the ocean. Structure, function, ecological role and applications. Note: we can only welcome participants. From a chemical viewpoint, lipids are biological molecules that are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. Phospholipids play multiple roles in bacterial cells. These are the establishment of the permeability barrier, provision of the environment for many enzyme and transporter proteins, and they influence membrane-related processes such as protein export and DNA replication. The lipid synthetic pathway .   Role of lipid in signalling. In recent years, evidence has emerged showing that lipid signaling is a vital part of the cell signaling. Lipid signaling may occur via activation of G protein-coupled or nuclear receptors, and members of several different lipid categories have been identified as signaling molecules and cellular messengers.